The design of the street pattern and public space has a strong influence on how comfortable people feel in the street and how safe they are. These aspects of social safety can easily be influenced by urban planning; by the design and layout of the street pattern and the public space. In creating safer and more liveable spaces, urban designers and their clients are not left empty-handed. They can use five basic principles that – in conjunction – will help to make the built environment more secure, more lively and enjoyable. These principles are:
- make sure public spaces are really public; that they are accessible to residents, visitors and passers-by both on the urban and neighborhood level, li>
- provide a clear structure of main roads through the neighborhoods, li>
- create a road structure with sufficient spatial potential for local business and vital street life and make sure that the design is actually using this spatial potential, li>
- create visibility, and li>
- make sure that the public space is arranged in such a way that it looks attractive and contributes to a positive atmosphere. li>
Overall, it comes down to ensure accessibility, connectivity, vitality, visibility and identity. By applying these five principles, neighborhoods are created that are not only socially safer but also more lively and enjoyable.